Friday, January 1, 1971

CRIARD Famille


CRIARD Famille 
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With André CRIARD, we enter a big French family of 18th century cabinetmakers, of Flemish origin, with a name written as CRIAERD, CRIAERDT or CRIARD.
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The pieces of furniture by ANDRE CRIARD are all from the beginning of the 18th century and were influenced by the Louis XIV style. The furniture known to be by his hand are chests of drawers treated in a broad and powerful style with attractive rich bronzes and a wood veneer.
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MATHIEU CRIARD, the younger brother of André, was born in 1689 and became a master in 1738. He was a successful cabinetmaker and worked in particular for the shops of Jean-François Oeben, the cabinetmaker of the King.
Mathieu Criard made very luxurious furniture, characterised in general by serpentine forms and by an exuberant profusion of ornementation (marquetry in compartments or with floral motifs, varnished panels imitating Chinese lacquer).
Like his brother, he distinguished himself by producing numerous chests of drawers. But he also made dressing tables and a number of flat writing desks with a somptuous bronze decoration.
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ANTOINE-MATHIEU CRIARD is the son of Mathieu Criard and he continued his father's traditions. He became a master cabinetmaker in 1747 and signed his works as M.CRIARD. He took over from a colleague, Charles Chevallier, and from that time onwards, he is often referred to as Chevallier.
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Comte François de Salverte, Les ébénistes du XVIIIe siècle, Nobele-éditeur, Paris, 1962